History of International Law


While the origins of the modern system of international law 카지노사이트 can be traced back 400 years, the development of the concepts and practises that would underpin that system can be traced back to ancient historical politics and relationships thousands of years old. Important concepts are derived from the practice between Greek city-states and the Roman law concept of ius gentium, which regulated contacts between Roman citizens and non-Roman people. These principles were not universal however. In East Asia, political theory was based not on the equality of states, but rather the cosmological supremacy of the sovereign, that is the emperor of China.

The Peace Palace Library has an impressive old and rare books collection of 10.000 titles printed before 1850. Since 1913 the Library has acquired a historical legal collection representing the various periods of thinking about international law, dominated by the Spanish, French or English schools. Writers from the 16th century: Jean Bodin, Ayala, Vitoria, the 17th century: Hugo Grotius, Gentili, Pufendorf, Zouche, and 18th century: Bynkershoek, Wolff, Martens, Vattel, and 19th century Bluntschli, to name only a few. In total about 2400 authors represent the origins of international law. Modern authors on the history of international refer to these sources for their research. 바카라사이트

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research in the field of the History of International Law. It provides the basic materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s subject heading (keyword) History of International Law is instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.


  • Fassbender, B. and A. Peters (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Gaurier, Histoire du droit international: de l’Antiquité à la création de l’UNO, Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2014.
  • Grewe, W.G. (ed.), Fontes Historiae Iuris Gentium, Berlin, De Gruyter, 1988-1995.
  • Grewe, W.G., The Epochs of International Law, Berlin; New York, Walter de Gruyter, 2000.
  • Neff, S.C., Justice among Nations: A History of International Law, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2014.
  • Nussbaum, A Concise History of the Law of Nations, revised edition, New York, NY, Macmillan, 1954.
  • Orakhelashvili, A. (ed.), Research Handbook on the Theory and History of International Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2011.
  • Reibstein, E. von, Völkerrecht: eine Geschichte seiner Ideen in Lehre und Praxis, Freiburg, Alber, 1957-1963.
  • Truyol y Serra, A., Histoire du droit international public, Paris, Economica, 1995.
  • Ziegler, K.-H., Völkerrechtsgeschichte: ein Studienbuch, München, Beck, 2007. 카지노사이트


  • Alexandrowicz, C.H.; D. Armitage and J. Pitts (eds.), The Law of Nations in Global History, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • Arnauld, A. von (Hrsg.), Völkerrechtsgeschichte(n): historische Narrative und Konzepte im Wandel, Berlin, Duncker & Humblot, 2017.
  • De La Rasilla del Moral, I., In the Shadow of Vitoria: A History of International Law in Spain, Leiden, Brill/Nijhoff, 2018.
  • Dhondt, F., Balance of Power and Norm Hierarchy: Franco-British Diplomacy after the Peace of Utrecht, Leiden, Brill Nijhoff, 2016.
  • Dupuy, P.-M. and V. Chetail (eds.), The Roots of International Law: Liber amicorum Peter Haggenmacher, Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2014.
  • Hueck, I.J., “The Discipline of the History of International Law: New Trends and Methods on the History of International Law”, Journal of the History of International Law, 3 (2001), No. 2, pp. 194-217.
  • Koskenniemi, M. (eds.) (et al.), International Law and Empire: Historical Explorations, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • Lesaffer, R., “International Law and its History: the Story of an Unrequited Love”, in M. Craven, M. Fitzmaurice and M. Vogiatzi (eds.), Time, History and International Law, Leiden (etc.), Nijhoff, 2007, pp. 27-41.
  • Milton, P., “The Mutual Guarantee of the Peace of Westphalia in the Law of Nations and Its Impact on European Diplomacy”, Journal of the History of International Law, 22 (2020), No. 1, pp. 101-125.
  • Mitchell, R.M., “International Law as Project or System?”, Georgetown Journal of International Law, 51 (2020), No. 3, pp. 623-689.
  • Neff, S.C., “A Short History of International Law”, in M.D. Evans (ed.), International Law, Fifth Edition, Oxford, Oxford University, 2018, pp. 3-27.
  • Research Handbook on the Theory and History of International Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, Second Edition, 2020.
  • Schröder, P. (ed.), Concepts and Contexts of Vattel’s Political and Legal Thought, Cambridge; New York, Cambridge University Press, 2021.
  • Ternon, Y., Genèse du droit international: des Pères fondateurs aux conférences de la Haye, Paris, Éditions Karthala, 2016.
  • Ziegler, K.-H., “Emer de Vattel und die Entwicklung des Völkerrechts im 18. Jahrhundert”, in M. Kremer und H.-R. Reuter (Hrsg.), Macht und Moral: politisches Denken im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert, Stuttgart, Kohlhammer, 2007, pp. 321-341.
  • Ziegler, K.-H., “Völkerrecht in den antiken Welten”, in M. Lang, H. Barta und R. Rollinger (Hrsg.), Staatsverträge, Völkerrecht und Diplomatie im Alten Orient und in der griechisch-römischen Antike, Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz, 2010, pp. 27-38.
  • Ziegler, K.-H., “Zum Völkerrecht in der römischen Antike”, in M.J. Schermaier, J.M. Rainer und L.C. Winkel (Hrsg.), Iurisprudentia universalis: Festschrift für Theo Mayer-Maly zum 70. Geburtstag, Köln, Böhlau, 2002, pp. 933-944.

Leave a Comment